Systematic Transfer Plan

Key takeaways

  • STP is a way of transferring a lump sum investment to a SIP
  • Fixed STP, Capital STP and Capital appreciation STP are three types of Systematic Transfer Plan

What is a Systematic Transfer Plan?

A systematic transfer plan or STP is a way of transferring a lump sum investment to a Sip. A lump sum is invested in a debt instrument, and an STP mandate moves a certain amount from it to an equity instrument through the Sip route.

Of course, this is a general concept, and we may tweak the arrangement according to our needs and offerings by the AMC. STPs help in a way similar to a Sip, by letting us invest in markets continuously, irrespective of market swings.

Features of Systematic Transfer plan

Elements of a systematic transfer plan are:

Minimum Investment

STP does not have a standard minimum investment amount. But there are some AMCs that ask for a minimum amount of Rs 12,000.

Entry and Exit Load

Six capital transfers are required to be done from one mutual fund to another to apply for an STP. Once the investors are free from the entry load, SEBI lets the fund houses impose an exit load, which cannot exceed 2%.

Taxation

Investors should be aware of the exit loads and tax implications on the transfer. Every transfer that is made from one fund to another is seen as redemption and new investment, and the redemption is generally taxable.

Disciplined

STP enables a disciplined fund transfer, and in most cases, a systematic transfer plan from a debt fund to an equity fund can be initiated.

Benefits of a Systematic Transfer plan

Systematic transfer plans have many benefits like:

· It has scope for higher returns.

· It helps in managing risks by moving from a risky asset class to a lesser risky asset class.

· It lets investors generate steady returns

· It balances out the investment cost by buying smaller units at higher net asset value and more units at a lower price 

Types of Systematic Transfer plan

Fixed STP

In this type of STP, the frequency and the amount are fixed. Investors can make their decisions on the amount according to their financial goals and then apply for the same

Capital Appreciation

In this type of STP, the capital component remains safe, and the capital appreciated is moved from the source fund to the destination fund.

Flexi STP

Under the Flexi STP, investors can choose to transfer a variable amount from the source fund to the destination fund as per the market fluctuations.